Double taxation is the levying of tax by two or more jurisdictions on the same declared income. A Double taxation agreement removes this barrier as taxpayers are entitled to double tax relief on income arising outside of their jurisdiction that is included in their taxable income. Taxpayers receive reimbursements in the form of a tax credit. 

Malta is very popular as the island has an extensive network of Double Taxation Treaties with 72 countries around the world. You can see the treaties currently enforced below:

Country Agreement Signed on:
Albania Signed on 2 May 2000
Australia Signed on 9 May 1984
Austria Signed on 29 May 1978
Azerbaijan Signed on 29 April 2016
Bahrain Signed on 12 April 2010
Barbados Signed on 5 December 2001 (Amended: 25th September 2013)
Belgium Signed on 28 June 1974 (Amended: 23 June 1993)
Bulgaria Signed on 23 July 1986
Canada Signed on 25 July 1986
China Signed on 2 February 1993 (Amended: October 2010)
Croatia Signed on 21 October 1998
Cyprus Signed on 22 October 1993
Czech Republic Signed on 21 June 1996
Denmark Signed on 30 December 1998
Egypt Signed on 20 February 1999
Estonia Signed on 3 May 2001
Finland Signed on 24 March 1975 (Amended: 30 October 2000)
France Signed on 5 July 1977 (Amended: 8 July 1994 & 29 August 2008)
Georgia Signed on 23 October 2009
Germany Signed on 8 March 2001(Amended: une 2010)
Greece Signed on 13 October 2006
Guernsey Signed on 12 March 2012
Hong Kong Signed on 8 November 2011
Hungary Signed on 6 August 1991
Iceland Signed on 23 September 2004
India Signed on 8 September 1994 (Amended: 8 April 2013)
Ireland Signed 14 November 2008
Isle of Man Signed 23 October 2009
Israel Signed on 28 July 2011
Italy Signed on 16 July 1981 (Amended: 13 March 2009)
Jersey Signed on 25 January 2010
Jordan Signed on 16 April 2009
Korea Signed on 25 March 1997
Kuwait Signed on 24 July 2002
Latvia Signed on 22 May 2000
Lebanon Signed on 23 February 1999 (Amended: 16 April 2010)
Libya Signed on 5 October 1972 (Amended: 28 April 1995)
Liechtenstein Signed on 27 September 2013
Lithuania Signed on 17 May 2001
Luxembourg Signed on 29 April 1994 (Amended: 30 November 2011)
Malaysia Signed on 3 October 1995
Mauritius Signed on 15 October 2014
Mexico Signed on 17 December 2012
Moldova Signed on 10 April 2014
Montenegro Signed on 4 November 2008
Morocco Signed on 26 October 2001
Netherlands Signed on 18 May 1977 (Amended: 18 July 1995)
Norway Signed on 2 June 1975 (Amended: 30 March 2012)
Pakistan Signed on 8 October 1975
Poland Signed on 7 January 1994 (Amended: April 2011)
Portugal Signed on 26 January 2001
Qatar Signed on 26 August 2009
Russia Signed on the 23 April 2013
Romania Signed on 30 November 1995
San Marino Signed on 3 May 2005 (Amended: 10 September 2009)
Saudi Arabia  Signed on 4 January 2012
Serbia Signed on 9 September 2009
Singapore Signed on 29 February 2008 (Amended: 20 November 2009)
Slovakia Signed on 7 September 1999
Slovenia Signed on 8 October 2002
South Africa Signed on 16 May 1997 (Amended: 24 August 2012)
Spain Signed on 8 November 2005
Sweden Signed on 9 October 1995
Switzerland Signed on 30 March 1987 (Amended: 25 February 2011)
Syria Signed on 22 February 1999
Tunisia Signed on 31 May 2000
Turkey Signed on 14 July 2011
UAE Signed on 13 March 2006
United Kingdom Signed on 12 May 1994
United States of America Signed on 11 March 1997 (Amended: 8 August 2008)
Uruguay Signed on 11 March 2011
Vietnam Signed in 2016

Credit: Finance Malta